ASCS: Tom Bridgman: Death by Electric Universe
© Lloyd

Death by Electric Universe. I[?]. The Solar Capacitor Model
Sunday, September 2, 2012
- We have active in situ measurements of the field intensities and particle populations at many locations throughout [the solar system].
- Yet none of these spacecraft have detected a particle population with the total energy sufficient to explain the Sun's total luminosity.

Death by Electric Universe. II. The Solar Capacitor Model
Sunday, September 9, 2012
- With the electrons accelerating through the potential, and gaining energy, we find the energy of the electrons at the orbit of Earth is computed to be 4.6MeV (million electron volts).
- Electrons with energies of 4.6MeV are IONIZING radiation - it can knock electrons out of atoms, turning them into ions and disrupting chemical bonds. - Comment: go to the moon, or the asteroids, any atmosphereless, no[n]-magnetized, "obstacle" in the solar wind. Guess in which direction the electron wake will be...
- the nonsensical conclusion of electrons with sun-ward bulk velocity in the EU model can be refuted with much more simple observations.

Death by Electric Universe. III. EU Excuses
- Sunday, September 16, 2012

Death by Electric Universe. IV. The Z-Pinch (Solar Resistor) Model
- Sunday, September 30, 2012
- ... this equation would be the minimum magnetic field produced by such a Z-pinch powered 'Electric Star'.
- The equation above assumes that ALL the energy, L, goes into powering the star and none makes it out the other side to power more distant stars.  - Therefore, in reality, any realistic star in this model would need a much larger value of L and therefore have a much larger magnetic field than what we will explore next.
- For a given average electron kinetic energy and stellar luminosity, we can graph the relationship of magnetic field with distance from the star.
- Mimimum magnetic field for a Thornhill Z-pinch powered star with several choices of luminosity, L.
- Average electron kinetic energy is 511keV.
- The vertical blue dashed line marks the magnetic field value at 1 AU from the Sun.
- We see that for electrons with an average kinetic energy of 511keV, the Sun's magnetic field at the orbit of Earth is about 5 Tesla, far larger than the measured value of a few nano-teslas (billionths of a tesla).
- You can see near-real time values of the Solar magnetic field near Earth posted in the sidebar at SpaceWeather.com.
- ... What Happens when a Conductor Moves Through a Magnetic Field?
- ... So what happens when our satellite ..., which contains some conductive components, moves through the magnetic field generated by this solar Z-pinch?
- ... the magnetic field created by our Z-pinch, at a distance from the Sun of 1 AU, per analysis above, is about 5 Tesla
- This means the voltage induced in a circuit around our satellite is on the order of: V = (5 Tesla) * (1 m) *(4e4 m/s) = 200,000 volts.
- If the Sun were powered by Thornhill's Z-pinch, the induced current would most certainly fry most any solar-orbiting satellite.
- Needless to say, in now fifty years of interplanetary travel, we've seen no evidence of this kind of effect induced on satellites.
- Anonymous said ... could a star be the "byproduct" of a past z-pinch? October 3, 2012 at 12:47 PM
- W.T."Tom" Bridgman said ... To Anonymous, I haven't looked at that particular question.
- The issues that initially come to mind are:
- 1) What powered the original z-pinch? We know (polar jets) and bipolar outflows can generate currents (see this post) but they break up because z-pinches are unstable. These jets aim outward from the formation region and are slowed as they press into the interstellar medium to form Herbig-Haro objects.
- 2) Before the pinch collapses, can a z-pinch compress a mass of gas such that gravity could hold it together after the pinch was gone? Molecular clouds can collapse under gravity only when they have enough mass and must be *cold*, so that heating by compression doesn't halt the collapse under gravity too soon (star formation). If the pinch raises the temperature too high, the gas will expand instead of collapse.
- Under gravity, the highest pressure and temperature is in the center during the collapse. The high temperature in the transition region at a star's surface drives some mass loss via solar wind but it isn't enough to destroy the star.
- In a z-pinch, the magnetic field, and therefore the compressive forces are largest at the boundary. I'm not 100% positive, but that is probably where temperature and pressure are highest as well. High temperature with high density at the surface would make it easier for the gas to expand and dissipate when the current is broken. October 4, 2012 at 8:12 PM

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