ESD: CME'S = CORONAL MASS EJECTIONS
__CC: For the CME thing to work it is only necessary for arc discharges to occur in plasma that is dense enough to develop the pressure but fluid enough to be expelled.
__The electrostatic layering in my model would work pretty much regardless of the bulk abundances of the elements as anything can get charged.
__The only reason why I'm still preferring hydrogen & helium for the photosphere (and most of the convective zone for that matter) is that I "think" I'm properly interpreting the spectral data.
__BC: Video of CME with stuff falling back to the sun through the photosphere: (Sunday October 7 2012 11:24 PM) Watch in HD:
__you can actually observe the dark "clumps" of dense surface (volcanic?) material being spewed upwards then falling back again with a 'thud' as coronal rain.
__If that was in fact hydrogen/helium plasma it wouldn't be absorbing those wavelengths for starters it should have simply blown out into space with that much momentum and it should be "hotter' not cooler than the surrounding plasma if the plasma was heated by a 'reconnection' event.
__CC: - This is clear evidence of an electric field first because of the non-ballistic trajectories, second because of the near-relativistic velocities, and third because of the bi-directional acceleration (i.e. some of the particles are getting accelerated away from the Sun while others are pulled toward the Sun which can only be opposite charges going in opposite directions in an electric field).
__If that was in fact hydrogen/helium plasma it wouldn't be absorbing those wavelengths.
__I agree and continue that the heavier elements are capable of higher degrees of ionization meaning that the ions will move faster in an electric field.
__This makes it easier to understand the near-relativistic velocities.
__H+ and He++ wouldn't really respond so dramatically but Fe XV definitely would.
__This doesn't prove that all of it is Fe. I personally think that it's a mix.
__The electrons are streaming out into space.
__Perhaps most of the hydrogen and some of the helium is succumbing to electron drag and is therefore following the electrons outward.
__The heavier elements are less subject to electron drag and more responsive to the electric field so they are pulled back into the Sun.
__This makes it possible to understand the variety of non-ballistic behaviors.
__There is clearly an outward acceleration and sometimes flashes at the boundary between the transparent outwardly-moving particles and the opaque particles not so inclined to head outward.
__That's the electrons streaming [outward] toward the heliosphere and sometimes recombining with ions.
__Some of the plasma lingers. That would be neutral or weakly ionized atoms.
__And then some of it is pulled forcefully back into the Sun. That's the highly ionized plasma.
__The selective entry points of the plasma back into the Sun are interesting.
__There is a partial preference for active regions and some of the plasma travels quite a distance horizontally to enter the Sun at an active region.
__IMO "active regions" are places where the solar-heliospheric current is more robust (like cathode spotting).
__At the spots there is a greater negative charge density and the positive ions are attracted to that.
__When they get into that charge stream they flash due to electron uptake.
__Some of the plasma also finds its way back into the Sun at spicules which I consider to be miniature active regions with a higher current density than what is flowing through the granule bodies.
__BC: - The larger cores of matter falling back to the sun definitely have a ballistic trajectory.
__The plasma that is being shed from the ballistic cores has a non-ballistic trajectory.
__There are splashes at the impact sites.
__This is in line with the hyper-velocity blobs in coronal loop legs just higher energy.
__To me this ([with] the cores) is clearly dense matter moving about as opposed to plasma under the influence of electricity.