Prove Cathode Sun Model ESD: ANODE MODEL & GALACTIC CIRCUITS © Lloyd The statements in this and the following sections come from the Electric Sun Discussions on the Thunderbolts forum at http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=1~ by Michael Mozina, Brant Callahan, Charles Chandler and Lloyd Kinder. The purpose is to help find proof for the Cathode Sun Model. CONTENTS:==PROPER METHOD==LINKS==ANODE MODEL==GALACTIC CIRCUITS==CATHODE MODEL==DOUBLE LAYERS==SOLAR GRANULES==PHOTOSPHERE ANODE OR CATHODE TUFTS==SOLAR ELECTRIC DISCHARGE==HELMET STREAMERS==SOLAR WIND==SOLAR SPECTRUM==SOLAR HEAT==SOLAR SPICULES==CATHODE SPOTS==ACTIVE REGIONS==SOLAR MOSS==SUNSPOTS ARE CATHODE SPOTS==SOLAR FLARES AND CORONAL LOOPS==SOLAR CYCLE==MORE ON FLARES AND LOOPS==CME'S ==PROPER METHOD__The way to get flaws out of the framework is to:__- make specific contentions starting from the prime mover(s)__- do the scale diagrams to visualize it all__- troubleshoot for further problems, then__- do the order-of-magnitude math, and then__- start crunching real numbers to verify a real solution. ==LINKS: http:// astrobob.areavoices.com/astrobob/images/thumbnail/Eclipse_Solar_Corona_closeu p.jpghttp:// trace.lmsal.com/POD//images/MDI_T171_000317_11.gifhttp://query.nytimes.com/gst/abstract.html?res=F50A11FB385F13738DDDAA0A94DA40 5B838DF1D3http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F50A11FB385F13738DDDAA0A94D A405B838DF1D3http://sci.esa.int/science-e/www/object/index.cfm?fobjectid=37003 ... http://www. youtube.com/watch?v=jLpdFDGFdakhttp://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FBirkeland_ current&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AFQjCNF_qThVD2qqb5SrSo0-hbnmdE3HrA .http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.space.com%2F1940-space-slinky-co nfirms-theory-twist.html&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AFQjCNH0xcRZFRLABvIc2L7IOpgf4HhatQ . ==ANODE MODEL__[Their] anode type model … in a lab … would look a bit like an ordinary plasma ball. __The electrons would always flow in and the protons would flow out. __Birkeland's model predicts both types of charged particles flow AWAY from the sun.__The interplanetary medium is known to be positively charged __and if the Sun was being lit up by a flow of electrons inwards they would get pinched into discrete discharge channels making the Sun look like a plasma lamp which is not how it works. ==GALACTIC CIRCUITS__[Stars] are "wired together" as Alfven envisioned IMO and they all "can" share EM energy.__That would take the form of an ordinary plasma filament __CC: Would we be able to see the filament?__MM Yes. Let me find a link. Here's a standard Birkeland current filament in action in terms of the magnetic field it creates:__The current could surround whole groups of stars or simply connect heliospheres together with smaller currents. __currents flow throughout the galaxies and the galaxies themselves are wired together most likely through their "jets" near the core[s] and poles ... of the galaxies.__CC: How much current flows into the Sun?__I'd have to "guess" its actually a relatively small amount of energy compared to the overall energy output of the sun. __I base that statement mostly upon the neutrino counts that come from the sun.__MM: It's fine to "wire together" a bunch of [stars] but unless [they] generate the current where is that current ultimately coming from?__[The Sun should] simply be a 'resistor' and release heat in such a scenario.