The statements in this and the following sections come from the Electric Sun Discussions on the Thunderbolts forum at http://www.thunderbolts.info/forum/phpBB3/viewtopic.php?f=1~ by Michael Mozina, Brant Callahan, Charles Chandler and Lloyd Kinder.
The purpose is to help find proof for the Cathode Sun Model.
CONTENTS:==PROPER METHOD==LINKS==ANODE MODEL==GALACTIC CIRCUITS==CATHODE MODEL==DOUBLE LAYERS==SOLAR GRANULES==PHOTOSPHERE ANODE OR CATHODE TUFTS==SOLAR ELECTRIC DISCHARGE==HELMET STREAMERS==SOLAR WIND==SOLAR SPECTRUM==SOLAR HEAT==SOLAR SPICULES==CATHODE SPOTS==ACTIVE REGIONS==SOLAR MOSS==SUNSPOTS ARE CATHODE SPOTS==SOLAR FLARES AND CORONAL LOOPS==SOLAR CYCLE==MORE ON FLARES AND LOOPS==CME'S
__The way to get flaws out of the framework is to:
__- make specific contentions starting from the prime mover(s)
__- do the scale diagrams to visualize it all
__- troubleshoot for further problems, then
__- do the order-of-magnitude math, and then
__- start crunching real numbers to verify a real solution.
==LINKS: http:// astrobob.areavoices.com/astrobob/images/thumbnail/Eclipse_Solar_Corona_closeu p.jpg
http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fen.wikipedia.org%2Fwiki%2FBirkeland_ current&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AFQjCNF_qThVD2qqb5SrSo0-hbnmdE3HrA .
http://www.google.com/url?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.space.com%2F1940-space-slinky-co nfirms-theory-twist.html&sa=D&sntz=1&usg=AFQjCNH0xcRZFRLABvIc2L7IOpgf4HhatQ .
__[Their] anode type model … in a lab … would look a bit like an ordinary plasma ball.
__The electrons would always flow in and the protons would flow out.
__Birkeland's model predicts both types of charged particles flow AWAY from the sun.
__The interplanetary medium is known to be positively charged
__and if the Sun was being lit up by a flow of electrons inwards they would get pinched into discrete discharge channels making the Sun look like a plasma lamp which is not how it works.
__[Stars] are "wired together" as Alfven envisioned IMO and they all "can" share EM energy.
__That would take the form of an ordinary plasma filament
__CC: Would we be able to see the filament?
__MM Yes. Let me find a link. Here's a standard Birkeland current filament in action in terms of the magnetic field it creates:
__The current could surround whole groups of stars or simply connect heliospheres together with smaller currents.
__currents flow throughout the galaxies and the galaxies themselves are wired together most likely through their "jets" near the core[s] and poles ... of the galaxies.
__CC: How much current flows into the Sun?
__I'd have to "guess" its actually a relatively small amount of energy compared to the overall energy output of the sun.
__I base that statement mostly upon the neutrino counts that come from the sun.
__MM: It's fine to "wire together" a bunch of [stars] but unless [they] generate the current where is that current ultimately coming from?
__[The Sun should] simply be a 'resistor' and release heat in such a scenario.