A High Temperature Liquid Plasma Model of the Sun
Type:    Journal, Article
Title:    A High Temperature Liquid Plasma Model of the Sun
Author(s):    Robitaille, P.
Date:    2007/01
Notes:    76: As far as the existence of a solar core is concerned, there is no experimental evidence for reaching densities of ~150 g/cm^3 using a hydrogen and helium framework. Without exception, high densities involve high atomic numbers.
Abstract:    In this work, a liquid model of the Sun is presented wherein the entire solar mass is viewed as a high density/high energy plasma. This model challenges our current understanding of the densities associated with the internal layers of the Sun, advocating a relatively constant density, almost independent of radial position. The incompressible nature of liquids is advanced to prevent solar collapse from gravitational forces. The liquid plasma model of the Sun is a non-equilibrium approach, where nuclear reactions occur throughout the solar mass. The primary means of addressing internal heat transfer are convection and conduction. As a result of the convective processes on the solar surface, the liquid model brings into question the established temperature of the solar photosphere by highlighting a violation of Kirchhoff’s law of thermal emission. Along these lines, the model also emphasizes that radiative emission is a surface phenomenon. Evidence that the Sun is a high density/high energy plasma is based on our knowledge of Planckian thermal emission and condensed matter, including the existence of pressure ionization and liquid metallic hydrogen at high temperatures and pressures. Prior to introducing the liquid plasma model, the historic and scientific justifications for the gaseous model of the Sun are reviewed and the gaseous equations of state are also discussed.
Journal (full):    Progress in Physics
Volume:    1
Start Page:    70
End Page:    81
Link (PDF):    http://www.ptep-online.com/index_files/2007/PP-08-12.PDF

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